The idea of the platelet count has never been in the minds of many people until the recent increased in the number of diseases that have caused low platelet counts. The curiosity of individuals about such came into being as there were death cases related to a low platelet count or thrombocytopenia.
In a complete blood count (CBC) report, you would see that the normal range for a platelet count is between 150,000 and 450,000/uL. Going way below that value can lead to bleeding tendencies. Since not everyone is aware why this happens, let us take a look at at the many different causes for a low platelet count.
As similar to any other conditions affecting our health as humans, thrombocytopenia can also be caused by a certain physiological process in our body. That is the production of antibodies against the platelet itself. It means that the body recognizes the platelet as “foreign” bodies like a harmful microorganism for that matter. Hence, it will destroy it. Most of the time, these antibodies are produced by the immune system after being exposed to bacterial or viral infection. That is because the immune system became hyperactive.
When a woman is pregnant, there are a lot of changes that are going on inside the body as well as a lot of conditions that might occur. One is the so-called gestational thrombocytopenia. Although there is no clear explanation for this, there is at least five percent of pregnant women who have experienced this.
Drinking too much alcohol can cause “lifestyle” thrombocytopenia simply because the compound can halt certain normal bodily processes. One is the production of blood in the bone marrow. This is because of the fact that there is a low level of folate caused by consumption by alcohol or nonproduction. This is also because the spleen, an organ which also plays a great role in blood production, becomes enlarged. As such, it can no longer function properly. The scientific explanation for this is that the platelets are retained instead of released when the spleen is too large.
Apart from the ones mentioned above, there are still other causes of thrombocytopenia like diseases and genetics that can lead to serious bleeding disorders. On another note, we will give you some of the things that you need to refrain from doing when you have thrombocytopenia.
Things to Remember When You Have Low Platelet Count
Your doctor will always be the best person to tell you which ones and which are not what to do when you have low platelet count. Nonetheless, will give some of the most basic and common recommendations from doctors. One is that you must refrain from doing activities that will expose you to bruising and injuries. That will include contact sports and extreme outdoor activities. Second, you must make sure that you avoid taking medications that can lower your platelet count. Those are usually the ones that contain anticoagulants; an example of which is aspirin. Of course, you must also limit your alcohol intake.